Effects of Pacifiers on Toddlers’ Oral Health
When used correctly, a soother (dummy) can be beneficial and there is some evidence that using a soother during sleep or nap time reduces the risk of SIDS ( sudden infant death syndrome ). 
However, reaching for a soother every time a child cries is not advised as this can lead to dental problems including:

- Misaligned teeth
- Incorrect development of the roof mouth
- Incorrect jaw development

Many experts recommend that dummies should not be used after the child reaches two years of age and some suggest "stopping or limiting the use of a pacifier (soother)" after six months. The child's dentist can offer advice on the correct use of dummies and you can find out more at https://yourdentalhealthresource.com/how-does-a-pacifier-impact-your-childs-oral-health/ 


Michael Tang

Michael has a special interest in aesthetic dental implantology including the “teeth in a day” technique. He receives referrals from other dentists for implant surgery as well as bone and soft tissue grafting, and sinus lifting. He is also very experienced in smile makeovers, adult cosmetic braces and non-surgical facial aesthetics.

His interest in dental implantology stemmed from a course held in Harley Street in 2005. In the same year he decided to complete an intensive implantology course in the influential Medical Faculty in Boston, USA. He has since been awarded both the Diploma and Masters qualifications in this field.

He has been lectured and mentored by some leading international clinicians in implant dentistry at venues such as the Dentium World Symposium in Moscow, Harvard University and the Branemark Institute in Johannesburg, South Africa.

For many years, he trained newly qualified dentists as well as running teaching sessions at the Glasgow Dental School and he currently mentors less experienced implant dentists.

Since 2005, Michael has been fully trained and indemnified to perform a wide variety of non surgical facial cosmetic procedures to remove lines and wrinkles including the use of laser, chemical peel, botulinum toxin and dermal fillers. In 2007, he was invited to join Transform Cosmetic Surgery Group where he treats facial aesthetic patients as well as carrying out smile makeovers and dental implant treatment for their patients.

Michael was the youngest Dental Practice Inspector in Scotland for the NHS Forth Valley Health Board when he was appointed in 2007. This current role involves inspecting dental practices and ensuring current guidelines are met.

In 2007, Michael was short-listed for the prestigious "Best Young Dentist in Scotland" award for his achievements in dentistry.